Marbling is an art form that originated either in Turkey or Persia; the oldest extant papers were found in Turkey and have been dated to the 1500s. In addition to being used for decorative purposes, marbling was also used to prevent fraud and forgery. Marbling found its way to Europe in the 1600s, where it flourished particularly in France and the Netherlands, eventually becoming an integral part of bookbinding. For many years, the marblers kept their craft a highly guarded secret, but as automated binding took over hand binding, the marblers realized that they had to pass on their knowledge and began to train others. Miriam Jacobs is happy to contribute to keeping this art form alive.