Visit the last and perhaps greatest masterpiece created by Hudson River School painter Frederic Edwin Church. Named for a fortress treasure-house in ancient Persia, Olana was designed and built by Church on the same hilltop where he sketched spectacular views of the Catskills and the Hudson River. Delight in the Moorish detail of the building, the rooms with their original furnishings, and the surrounding landscape, also designed by Church. After lunch at Cafe 355, tour Cedar Grove where American art was born. It was the home of Church’s mentor, Thomas Cole, the leader of a group of landscape artists now known as the Hudson River School.