A discussion of the religious roots that gave rise to the Greek myths and some of the less well-known sides of the "Olympian" deities. We’ll discuss how the Greeks used their myths to describe themselves and others, and what religion looked like as practiced by them. How did these seemingly familiar gods fit into the ancient Greek and Mediterranean cultures? What did early anthropologists make of them? Of special interest will be the controversial Jane Ellen Harrison and the so-called Cambridge Ritualist School; she was one of the earliest and most influential proponents of applying insights from modern anthropology to ancient Greek religion.